What are RIFD, AIDC and IoT?
RFID or radio-frequency identification uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags that are attached to objects and contain electronically stored information. Active tags have a local power source that can operate at hundreds of meters from the RFID reader, while passive tags collect energy from a nearby RFID reader’s radio waves.
AIDC or automatic identification and data capture automatically identifies objects, collects data about them and enters the data into the computer systems without any kind of human involvement. Data obtained is through analysis of images and sounds. A transducer converts the image or sound into a digital file, which is stored and analyzed by a computer or compared with other files in a database to provide authorization.
IoT or internet of things is a network of physical objects embedded with electronics, sensors, software and network connectivity that enables objects to collect and exchange data. This helps in direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in improved efficiency and accuracy.
How has the use of these technologies evolved?
Earlier, RFID sensors were highly expensive for logistics providers and shippers to be used throughout the shipment process. However, the cost of RFID has decreased in the recent years, due to which shippers have been able to take advantage of this technology without increasing the rate of shipping.
With the high use of RFID sensors and Bluetooth technologies in the logistics industry, the use of AIDC technology has also become more prevalent. AIDC automatically provides updates to a shipment status – real time insight into a shipment location, estimated time of delivery, etc. Therefore, this technology will be increasingly used to analyze current logistics processes and provide alternative ways to ensure that a shipment reaches the destination at the prescribed time.
The use of IoT between different machines and technologies has improved production and efficiency of shipping processes in the past few years, by reducing the downtime and enhancing the workflow of a shipment and its processes. In 2016, the IoT will communicate with RFID, AIDC and Bluetooth devices to identify what parts of a shipment need to be changed to meet the consumer demands thus, helping in overall management of the shipping process.
What are the benefits of these technologies in the logistics industry?
These technologies are eliminating the old and outdated systems of the past and are very reasonable to use today. These technologies provide great benefits to shippers in a way that they can grow their operations without requiring massive investments. Learn about the various benefits these technologies offer –
- The need for compliance today has become larger than ever, and these logistics technologies enable an organization to have a real-time insight into the shipment processes and what changes can be made for improvement. Organizations that do not fulfill the compliance requirements are likely to face penalties, fines and imprisonment.
- When an organization knows the in and out of its current resources and assets, it is in a better position to pass the information to the government agencies, executives and consumers. Better visibility helps to detect and resolve any issues, which helps in streamlining the supply chain.
- The main aim of any company is to highly satisfy its customers. What do the customers want? Free/cheaper delivery within the prescribed time and availability of fresh products. The use of the above mentioned technologies helps in increased efficiency which helps the shippers save money, which can be passed on to the customers too.
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